By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary
This reissued variation (originally released by way of McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas supplying a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three individuals' particular disciplines, but converse to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory approaches and conception, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings experiences psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.
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Extra info for A Century of psychology as science
In taking Darwin's own daring but purely speculative claims in psychology seriously, modern psychology has remained dangerously loyal to what is often ambiguous, occasionally tautologous, and some times ridiculous. In reifying the notions of function and adaptation, the discipline has been incapable of addressing phenomena that do not lend themselves to func tionalistic and survivalistic interpretation. A surprisingly constant picture records modern psychological thought, whether it takes the form of the Freudian tension between the reality and pleasure principles, or the vaunted "law of effect, " or that recent narrative that calls itself "sociobiology.
In such circles, the connection between the two is generally regarded the way the virtuoso might think of the music critic: as one who cannot perform himself, but who nevertheless presumes to judge the performance of others. This, however, is not an apt analogy. The better one is the relationship between a director and an actor, each taking some responsibility for delivering to the public a creation au thored by neither of them. The dictatorial director ultimately produces something 71 I . THE SYSTE MATIC F RA M E W O R K OF P SY C H OLOGY closer to an image of himself than to the drama as it is actually conceived.
And regarding that "monstrous" distinction Kant made be tween the world of appearance and the world of things-in-themselves, Mach was equally summary in his rejection: Since the apparent antithesis between the real world and the world given through the senses lies entirely in our mode of view, and no actual gulf exists between them, 65 I . T H E S Y S T E M A T I C F R A M E W O R K OF P SY C H O L O G Y a complicated a n d variously interconnected content o f consciousness i s n o more difficult to understand than is the complicated interconnexion of the world (Mach, 1 886/ 1 9 59, p.
A Century of psychology as science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary