By Lee Martin
Booklet by way of Martin, Lee
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Extra info for A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature: Agriculture in Economic Development, 1940s to 1990s
Formerly in Liberia) United Nations World Health Organization. Geneva World Institute for Development Economics Research. Helsinki, Finland PART ONE. Agricultural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Critical Survey The original version of this survey on the literature on the rural economies of subSaharan Africa was completed in 1982 and published by Michigan State University in English [Eicher and Baker, 1982]. The survey was subsequently translated by the IDRC of Canada and published in French [Eicher and Baker, 1985].
A handful of economists and started to pursue research in sub-Saharan African beginning in the 1950s and the number greatly expanded in the 1960s. But the technical and social science knowledge base for agriculture continues to be sparse and uneven. Except for a few countries such as Nigeria and Kenya, agricultural research is fragmentary and the scientific knowledge base, especially for food crops, is behind that of Latin America and Asia. Despite the generally weak data base, many studies over the last twenty years have been extremely useful to policy makers, scholars, and donor agencies.
Baker Chapter I. 2 The population of Africa in 1990 is about 500 million. Nigeria has one-fourth of the population and produces about onehalf of the gross national product of the subcontinent. Population densities in Africa are extremely low relative to Asia. The Sudan, for example, is two-thirds the size of India but it has only twenty-three million people as compared with 800 million in India. The Republic of Zaire (formerly the Belgian Congo) is five times the size of France, but only 5 to 10 percent of its arable land is under cultivation.
A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature: Agriculture in Economic Development, 1940s to 1990s by Lee Martin