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Download e-book for kindle: Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

By Dennis J. Stanford

ISBN-10: 0520227832

ISBN-13: 9780520227835

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the United States? in line with the now regularly occurring tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. specified stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition verified the presence of those early New international humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic learn, and genetic experiences, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the technique, counter traditional—and usually subjective—approaches to archaeological checking out for ancient relatedness. The authors follow rigorous scholarship to a speculation that locations the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic via boat and arrived in advance of formerly suggestion. delivering archaeological and oceanographic proof to aid this statement, the booklet dismantles the previous paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis expertise with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Additional info for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

Sample text

During Solutrean times there may have been many accidental and purposeful trips back and forth between southwest Europe and North America. As the ice age waned, the sea ice edge and its associated resources retreated northward, the glaciers melted, and the sea level rose, flooding the continental shelf and increasing the distances across open water. At the same time, the environment of the European mainland improved and the need for a maritime focus lessened. It was no longer necessary, or attractive, to ply the North Atlantic.

Today, after nearly sixty years of research, there is still no archaeological proof that Clovis peoples or anyone before them passed between the glaciers while moving from Asia to the plains of North America. In spite of this lack of evidence, the widely held perception that all Native Americans are closely related to northeast Asians had still convinced many researchers that the mystery of Clovis origins would be uncovered in Siberia. They thought that detailed information about that vast area had been just beyond their grasp, but with the opening up of China for research and the later collapse of the Soviet Union it appeared that this major piece of the puzzle might be forthcoming.

But they found scant evidence of Clovis in private collections—and the farther north they went, the fewer Clovis-like artifacts they found. They did not achieve their goal of proving the peopling of the Americas by Asians, but they did make a major contribution to the knowledge of the northern plains’ prehistory. Since Sable’s early find in northern Alaska and Wormington and Forbis’s Alberta survey, countless other explorers have sought evidence for the first Americans in the corridor, but the few datable fluted points recovered are no older than the Clovis artifacts they were imagined to precede.

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Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

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