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Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing - download pdf or read online

By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

ISBN-10: 3642383750

ISBN-13: 9783642383755

ISBN-10: 3642383769

ISBN-13: 9783642383762

This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice variation and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are assorted conceptions of the thought, it really is controversial that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an independent agent must take note of the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been steered that permitting one’s innovations to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has got a few cognizance in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This booklet combines for the 1st time the themes of choice model, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to reinforce human capacities in a special and finished quantity, filling a tremendous wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.

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None of this is plausibly regarded as the development of a preference as the result of a reason-based process. And hence, it seems to me, even if HA3 were not over-inclusive, it is certainly under-inclusive and hence must be rejected. 8 HA4, and a General Argument against Historical Accounts The final historical account eschews the possibility of finding any unifying or underlying feature of the “right” processes by which normatively authoritative preferences develop. This account instead simply settles for an “objective list”, or a list of processes that can plausibly be said to generate autonomous preferences, and, thereby, a list of processes that can plausibly be said to generate non-autonomous preferences.

11 Whether a preference is reflective of my genuine values has to do with that preference’s connection to that person’s wider evaluative attitudes. , an explanation of our normative distrust of adaptive preferences. The processes by which adaptive preferences are developed seem to me evaluatively epiphenomenal. Instead, the right explanation is to be found in the extent to which 11 For a more substantial argument on this point, see Bruckner (2009). 3 Adaptation, Autonomy, and Authority 41 a preference does, or does not, capture my genuine values.

5) It developed in a way that I regard as reflecting, say, my own values. HA2 differs from HA1, insofar as there 4 5 This thought is well captured by Elster (1981, 226-8). Thanks to the editors of this volume for helpfully articulating this ambiguity. 3 Adaptation, Autonomy, and Authority 33 is no constraint on HA2 that suggests the process must actually be engaged on the basis of reasons. It is enough to say, perhaps after the fact, that the process itself was valid, valuable, or otherwise endorsed by the person in question.

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Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

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