By Elliot Cohen
Do sufferers have the suitable to grasp their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse remedy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators confirm no matter if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait college, and in the event that they do, may still the oldsters of different little ones be told? should still a counselor holiday confidentiality by way of disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV? This number of unique essays rigorously examines the tricky ethical offerings the AIDS pandemic has awarded for lots of execs physicians, nurses, dentists, academics and faculty directors, company managers, psychotherapists, legal professionals, clergy, newshounds, and politicians. within the place of work, difficulties posed through HIV and AIDS have resulted in a reexamination of conventional codes of ethics. supplying systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors discover the ethical, criminal, and moral matters curious about the reconsideration of guidelines, criteria of behavior, and the practicality of balancing own ethics. Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River neighborhood university and Editor-in-Chief of the "International magazine of utilized Philosophy". Michael Davis is Senior study affiliate on the middle for the examine of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of expertise.
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Extra resources for Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics
In an imperfect world, where many who are "Iv-positive become the victims of irrational discriminatory attitudes, it is clear that respecting privacy is an essential mechanism for protecting persons from intolerance and victimization. Similarly troublesome is the degree to which mandatory "IV testing takes away people's freedom or autonomy to decide for themselves whether to be tested or not. It is sadly ironic that after more than a generation of commitment to the concept of informed consent, we would now contemplate instituting testing without consent.
In the context of uncertainty, assurances like these are seldom persuasive; this is especially true given the public's painful experience, early in the AIDS epidemic, w'hen it was mistakenly assured that the transfusible blood supply was safe from contamination by the AIDS virus. Responding to growing public concern about the risk of contracting an HIV infection from a clinician, in July 1991 the CDC issued its muchanticipated guidelines aimed at preventing the transmission of HIV and HBV in a medical setting.
Lawrence O. 173. 4. "A Ray of Hope in the Fight Against AIDS," Time (September 29,1986): 60-61. 5. , "The Use of Viral Culture and p24 Antigen Testing to Diagnose Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Neonates," New England Journal ofMedicine 327, no. 17 (1992): 1192-1197. 6. William H. Masters, Virginia E. Johnson, and Robert C. Kolodny, Human Sexuality, 4th ed. (New York: HarperCollins, 1992), p. 156. 7. : Saunders, 1989), p. 33. 8. Masters, Johnson, and Kolodny, Human Sexuality, p. 512; and Centers for Disease Control, "Apparent Transmission of Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type III/Lymphadenopathy-associated Virus from a Child to a Mother Providing Health Care," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 35, no.
Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics by Elliot Cohen