By Aubrey Manning, James Serpell
Glossy society is commencing to reassess its complete courting with animals and the wildlife. till lately matters akin to animal welfare and environmental defense have been thought of the area of small, idealistic minorities. Now, those matters allure monstrous numbers of articulate supporters who jointly workout substantial political muscle. Animals, either wild and family, shape the first concentration of shock during this frequently acrimonious debate. but why do animals evoke such powerful and contradictory feelings in humans - and do our western attitudes have whatever in universal with these of alternative societies and cultures? Bringing jointly a number of contributions from uncommon specialists within the box, Animals and Society explores the significance of animals in society from social, historic and cross-cultural views.
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Additional resources for Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives
Where the society includes both humans and animals then the humans act as elders. I should like to look at the example of the dodo in this context. The cultural attitudes of European sailors would inform them that when they landed on an island the indigenous wild animals were there to be hunted and that as prey they would flee as fast as possible on the sight of man. But, as everyone knows, the dodos on Mauritius did not flee—they just sat and looked at the sailors, who therefore believed the birds to be extraordinarily stupid.
1990) ‘The giving environment: another perspective on the economic system of gatherer-hunters’, Current Anthropology 31:183–96. ——(1992) ‘“The Original Affluent Society”: beyond Sahlins’ seminal essay on huntergatherers’ economies’, Current Anthropology 33:25–47. Bökönyi, S. Dimbleby (eds) The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals, London: Duckworth. ) The Walking Larder: Patterns of Domestication, Pastoralism and Predation, London: Unwin Hyman. J. (1957) Prehistoric Men, 3rd edn, Chicago Natural History Museum Popular Series, Anthropology, 37.
10 In either case, all of these cattle beliefs and practices probably appeared rational or at least practical in the eyes of their creators. It is also possible, though unlikely, that these striking notions shared by many ancient Old World civilizations could have been the result of very early diffusion from one of them. Whatever the actual case, there are good reasons to believe that bull and man were originally viewed in a much more practically analogical than purely metaphorical relationship to one another.
Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives by Aubrey Manning, James Serpell