By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following international battle , and partly in line with the chilly conflict, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the standard lives in their electorate. a lot of those welfare nation programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only development yet a brand new method of architectural layout, within which the welfare pursuits of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The impression on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare nation initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st e-book to discover the structure of the welfare country in Western Europe from a world point of view. With chapters overlaying Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the publication explores the advanced function performed through structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare country in either thought and perform.
- the position of the outfitted atmosphere within the welfare nation as a political venture
- the colonial size of eu welfare country structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the function of welfare country tasks in selling client tradition and financial growth
- the photograph of the collective produced via welfare nation architecture
- the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, rather than building businesses and others, in deciding on what used to be built
- the courting among architectural and social theory
- the position of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Additional info for Architecture and the Welfare State
Arbeiter-Zeitung, 24 October 1923, 6. 19 Strnad’s project was published in Das Kunstblatt (1924): 110. It seems curiously reminiscent of John Nash’s 1811 design for Regent’s Park in London. 20 For the pre-war history of the Terrassenhaus, see R. Pommer and C. F. Otto, Weissenhof, 1927 and the Modern Movement in Architecture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, 113–115. For Le Corbusier’s immeuble villas and maison Citrohan exhibited along with the Ville Contemporaine at the Salon d’Automne, see Le Corbusier, Urbanisme (Paris: Cres, 1925) translated by F.
It was in this period of crisis and chaos that the Social Democrats (the only political party without ties to the old regime, and therefore able to control the mass of unemployed workers agitating for revolution) came to power in Austria. 6 In 1919, when the ﬁrst socialist mayor of Vienna was elected, the Social Democrats determined to make Red Vienna a model of municipal socialism, a ‘new society within the conﬁnes of the old’ that would preﬁgure the Socialist state. Robert Danneberg, president of the new Provincial Assembly of Vienna, declared: Capitalism cannot be abolished from the Town Hall.
Quiring, W. Voigt, P. C. Schmal, E. , Ernst May 1886–1970, Munich/London: Prestel, 2011; H. , Ernst May und das neue Frankfurt 1925–1930, Berlin: Ernst und Sohn, 1986; M. , ‘Sozialpolitik and the City in Weimar Germany’, in The Sphere and the Labyrinth: Avant-gardes and Architecture from Piranesi to the 1970s, trans. P. d’Acierno and R. : The MIT Press, 1987, 197–223. 12 Tafuri and Dal Co, Modern Architecture, 193. 13 For a detailed account of the building programme and the role of the Wagner School, see Blau, Red Vienna, 238–249.
Architecture and the Welfare State by Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel