By Jacques Guyot
The purpose of this booklet is to offer as thoroughly as attainable an outline of the joints of the human limbs, utilizing photos and drawings of anatomical dissections. current descriptive anatomical bills are usually theoretical and never associated with sensible job of the joints involved; they lack sensible demonstra tion of the anatomy. we are hoping to fill the distance within the to be had literature by means of presentation of this booklet. The paintings is directed in the direction of anatomists, medical professionals drawn to joint pathology, orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists, radiologists, experts in activity accidents and rehabilitation, additionally to physicians regularly, physiotherapists and scholars. The e-book is split into seven chapters. each one bankruptcy includes components: the 1st is a quick account of the sensible anatomy of the joint. It doesn't supply a whole description yet an total precis of the useful constructions concerned. the second one part, the most half, comprises illustrations (drawings and pictures of anatomical dissections). The dissections and the pictures have been ready within the division of Anatomy directed by way of Professor HENRI M. DUVERNaY from cadaveric specimens preserved by way of the tactic defined by way of WINCKLER (1964). the method of dissecting the ligamentous buildings round joints has proved techni cally tough. possible create artificially constructions from the mass of fibrous tissue and on a couple of events we've got been not able to find ligaments that are defined in a few anatomical bills.
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Extra info for Atlas of Human Limb Joints
When extension is complete, the joint is mechanically stable. Tibial axial rotation is inhibited on account of the articular surface profile which ensures the "screw home mechanism" and the general tightening of all the capsuloligamentous structures. This association assures the close-packed position of the knee joint. In contrast, when the knee is flexed, stabilization must still be achieved in all planes: Antero-posterior stabilization depends on the cruciate ligaments, the posterior ligaments, and both extensor and flexor muscles; Transverse stabilization is assured by the collateral ligaments, the tendons forming the pes anserinus, and the tensor fasciae latae.
The posterior arm is continuous with the capsule and with the oblique popliteal ligament. The lateral collateral structures are in three layers: - A capsular layer. - A ligamentous layer comprising the fibular collateral ligament joined behind to the arcuate popliteal ligament and forming the posterolateral corner of the joint. - A muscular layer associated from front to back with the iliotibial tract, the numerous expansions of the biceps femoris muscle which have been well described by Marschall et al.
In contrast, when the knee is flexed, stabilization must still be achieved in all planes: Antero-posterior stabilization depends on the cruciate ligaments, the posterior ligaments, and both extensor and flexor muscles; Transverse stabilization is assured by the collateral ligaments, the tendons forming the pes anserinus, and the tensor fasciae latae. Rotatory stabilization is achieved more subtly. Lateral rotation of the tibia leaves the joint vulnerable to injury. This is especially the case when the knee is stressed with the foot fixed to the floor and loadbearing.
Atlas of Human Limb Joints by Jacques Guyot