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New PDF release: Background to Eastern Europe

By F. B. Singleton, D. F. Bratchell and E. F. Candlin (Auth.)

ISBN-10: 0080112080

ISBN-13: 9780080112084

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Similarly, the Serbs sensed that if the schemes of the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, came to fruition, the Croats and Slovenes might be bought off by the creation of a semiautonomous south Slav state within the Habsburg framework. On June 28th, 1914, Serbia's national day (Vidovdan), a young Serb, Gavrilo Princip, acting on instructions from one of the many secret societies inspired from Belgrade, assassinated the Archduke in the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. The war party in Austria saw this as an opportunity to crush Serbia and remove the menace to the Monarchy.

1 Despite the unsavoury circumstances of his election, Poniatowski made great contributions to the cause of Polish national revival by his encouragement of the arts, commerce and industry, and by the reform of political life. His very success in this respect was his undoing, and incidentally that of his country. The opposition which his reforms inevitably generated gave an opportunity for intervention by Frederick and Catherine. After a short war, Poland was partitioned in 1772 between Prussia, Russia and Austria, each taking a large slice of the Polish territory adjacent to their own borders.

The crusading Order of Teutonic Knights was invited into Poland and began the conversion of the Prussians and the non-Christian Slavs and Baits of the lands later known as East Prussia, Latvia, Lithuania and Esthonia. Later in the Middle Ages, German merchants followed the crusading warriors, giving an early demonstration of the old maxim that trade follows the flag. The Hanseatic League of traders established those German cities along the shores of the Baltic whose names are familiar to students of Nazi penetration into the area, seven centuries later — Danzig and Memel for example.

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Background to Eastern Europe by F. B. Singleton, D. F. Bratchell and E. F. Candlin (Auth.)


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