By Johann Eekhoff, Christiane Moch (auth.), Johann Eekhoff (eds.)
1 through Karel Van Miert because the early years of the eu group, pageant coverage has performed a decisive position within the production of a extra filthy rich, aggressive and built-in eu financial system. over the past 40 years, the motion of eu pageant experts has supplied quite a few examples of the advantages of a sound-working festival atmosphere for shoppers and for the eu economic system as a complete. pageant brings reduce costs, fosters technical growth and creativity, and stops the unwanted effects of a firm abusing its dominant or monopoly place. in the course of my mandate as a Commissioner answerable for pageant, i've got actively inspired this strengthening of eu festival coverage as did my predecessors. hence, there was turning out to be public know-how in Europe of the necessity at no cost and reasonable pageant in addition to the consolidation of the contest coverage within the "acquis communautaire". eu festival coverage is now at a tuming turning element in its heritage. In could 2004, ten international locations will sign up for a brand new eu Union composed of twenty-five Member States and 450 million humans. this huge accession to the european is of paramount value to the ecu integration and may deeply influence on ecu festival policy.
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The recent drive towards privatisation of public services should not be disrupted although the European Union currently stresses the importance of public authorities as suppliers of services of general economic interest. 5 6. The art of competition policy The environment in which competition authorities operate is neither neutral nor friendly, but rather hostile. Companies, as well as public administrations and national governments, prefer an exclusive position which allows them to pursue their individual goals independently of competitors.
The liberalisation of the telecom sector provides a concrete example. Since 1998 tariffs for national calls have decreased by an average 50% and tariffs for international calls by 40%. A similar trend can be shown in many other sectors such as air transport or car industry, where consumers have clearly benefited from increased competition. Despite Europe's delayed adoption of competition rules in comparison with the United States, competition is undeniably a central element of the success of Europe's market economy.
This is especially true for energy markets where open 2 Rapport des chefs de deIegation delegation a Messine, 21 April 1956, p15, pIS, 16, "Des regles de concurrence sont donc necessaires n6cessaires pour eviter que des doubles prix aient le Ie meme effet que les droits de douane, qu'un dumping mette en danger des productions economiquement saines, que la repartition des marches se substitue aleur cloisonnement". 32 Jean-Fran~ois Jean-Fran(ţois Pons / Timothee Sautter competition can guarantee that Member States have access to different networks and benefit from an increased security of supply.
Competition Policy in Europe by Johann Eekhoff, Christiane Moch (auth.), Johann Eekhoff (eds.)